What Is A STI Screening?

A STI screening is a procedure to detect sexually transmitted infections (STIs) in individuals who may not show any symptoms. This preventive measure helps to identify infections early, enabling prompt treatment and reducing the risk of complications. It’s usually recommended for sexually active individuals and those who may have been exposed to an STI.

Types Of STIs


A bacterial infection that affects both men and women, often causing no symptoms but can lead to serious reproductive health issues if left untreated.


A bacterial infection that causes pain and discharge in both sexes.


A highly contagious bacterial STI that progresses through several stages, causing various symptoms, and can be severe if not treated early.

Genital herpes

A viral infection caused by the herpes simplex virus, characterized by outbreaks of painful sores in the genital area.

Human papillomavirus (HPV)

A group of viruses that can cause genital warts and are linked to certain types of cancer, with some strains preventable through vaccination.


A common parasitic infection that often presents no symptoms but can cause discomfort and discharge in women and irritation in men.

Hepatitis B

A viral infection that affects the liver and can be transmitted through sexual contact.

Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)

The virus responsible for AIDS, which attacks the immune system and can be transmitted through sexual contact, blood, and from mother to child during childbirth or breastfeeding.


The symptoms of an STI vary depending on the infection, but some common signs may indicate the presence of an STI, such as:

  • Unusual discharge: Discharge from the penis or vagina that has an abnormal colour, consistency, or odour
  • Itching or discomfort: Persistent itching, irritation, or discomfort in the genital area
  • Pain during intercourse: Pain or discomfort during sexual activity
  • Sores or rashes: Presence of sores, ulcers, or rashes on or around the genitals
  • Abdominal pain: Unexplained lower abdominal pain or cramping
  • Swelling or redness: Inflammation or swelling in the genital area, potentially accompanied by redness or warmth
  • Painful urination: Pain, burning, or discomfort during urination

STI Screening Methods

Your doctor may use various testing methods to diagnose STIs. These methods include:

During a physical examination, the dermatologist will visually inspect the genital area for any visible signs of an STI, such as sores, rashes, or warts. They may also check for swollen lymph nodes or other indications of infection.

Laboratory tests may help diagnose specific STIs and may involve:

  • Blood tests: to detect infections like HIV, syphilis, or hepatitis B.
  • Urine tests: often used for diagnosing chlamydia and gonorrhoea.
  • Swab tests: to collect samples from the genital area, throat, or rectum for further analysis.

In some cases, imaging tests, such as ultrasounds, may be necessary to assess the extent of damage caused by an STI or to identify any complications arising from the infection.

End the pain and discomfort while preventing long-term health complications with STI screening.

Consult our MOH-accredited dermatologist for an accurate diagnosis and personalised treatment plan.

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What To Expect During STI Screening

To help you prepare for your STI screening, here’s an overview of what to expect before, during, and after the process.

  • Schedule an appointment.
  • Prepare your medical history, consisting of your sexual history, past STI tests, and any symptoms you’ve experienced.
  • You may need to provide urine, blood, or swab samples for testing.
  • Your doctor may perform a physical examination to check for visible symptoms.
  • Discuss concerns or ask questions during the appointment.
  • Test results may take a few days to be processed, and you’ll be informed once they’re available.
  • If necessary, schedule follow-up appointments for further evaluation or treatment.
  • Your doctor may provide recommendations to prevent future infections and maintain good sexual health.

Risk Factors

If you engage in any of the following, you may be at risk of an STI:

  • Multiple sexual partners
  • Unprotected sex
  • History of STIs
  • Substance abuse
  • Sexual contact with high-risk individuals
  • Engaging in commercial sex work

Billing & Insurance

Private and Corporate Insurance

You can use your Integrated Shield Plans to pay for certain procedures. Speak to us to learn more, and you’ll be surprised at how affordable private healthcare can be. 

Why Choose Us

Modern & Patient-Centred Dermatological Care

We are dedicated to your skin health and well-being. Our results-oriented approach is suitable for a wide range of hair, skin and nail conditions. Consult our MOH-accredited dermatologist for a personalised treatment plan.


Personalised Treatment Plans


Results-Oriented Approach


Focused Aftercare For All


Honest & Ethical Practices

Dr. Lee Hwee Chyen

Medical Director & Consultant Dermatologist

MBBS (S'pore) MRCP (UK) FAMS (Dermatology)

Special Interests In:
  • Paediatric Dermatology
  • Women’s Dermatology
  • Procedural Dermatology & Lasers

Dr. Lee Hwee Chyen is an accredited Adult & Paediatric dermatologist managing a wide range of skin, hair and nail conditions. The clinic provides services for medical, surgical, cosmetic, women’s and paediatric dermatology.

  • MBBS (National University of Singapore, Singapore)
  • MRCP (Royal College of Physicians, United Kingdom)
  • Specialist Accreditation Board, Dermatology (Singapore)
  • FAMS (Academy of Medicine of Singapore, Singapore)
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    Frequently Asked Questions

    A full STI screen typically checks for various sexually transmitted infections, including chlamydia, gonorrhoea, syphilis, HIV, herpes, and hepatitis B and C, by examining blood, urine, or swab samples from the affected area.

    You should do an STI test if you have symptoms, are sexually active with multiple partners, or have had unprotected sex. Get tested regularly as part of your overall sexual health routine.

    Urinalysis can detect some STIs, such as chlamydia and gonorrhoea, but it is not suitable for detecting all types of infections, like HIV and syphilis, which require blood tests.

    STIs are caused by bacteria, viruses, or parasites that spread through sexual contact, including vaginal, anal, or oral sex, as well as sharing needles, syringes, or sex toys with an infected person.

    Look out for symptoms such as unusual discharge, itching, pain during urination, or sores in the genital area, and consult your doctor for proper testing and diagnosis.

    Many STIs, particularly those caused by bacteria, can be cured with appropriate antibiotics, while viral infections like HIV and herpes can be managed through antiviral medications, although they can’t be completely cured.

    Some STIs may cause pain or discomfort, such as painful urination, itching, or soreness in the affected area, while others may be asymptomatic and not cause any noticeable pain or discomfort.