What Is Hair Loss & What Causes It?

Medically known as alopecia, it’s a condition characterised by the thinning or complete loss of hair from the scalp or body, affecting individuals of all genders and ages. This phenomenon can be influenced by a myriad of factors, including genetic predisposition, hormonal changes, medical conditions, or even stress. For some, it’s a natural part of the ageing process, while for others it could be indicative of underlying health concerns.

The aetiology of hair loss varies widely, with the primary instigators being genetics, hormonal shifts, certain diseases, and medication side effects. Hair usually goes through cycles of growth, rest, and shedding. When these cycles are disrupted, either due to internal or external factors, hair loss can ensue.

Types of Hair Loss

Understanding the types of hair loss can help determine the best form of treatment:

Linked to genetic predisposition and hormonal changes, it’s often referred to as male or female pattern hair loss. In men, it manifests as receding hairlines and bald spots, while in women, it typically causes overall thinning of the hair.

An autoimmune disorder where the body’s immune system attacks hair follicles, leading to patchy hair loss on the scalp, face, and occasionally other areas of the body.

Brought on by physical or emotional stress, significant weight loss, illness, or medication, this condition results in temporary hair thinning over the scalp.

Symptoms Of Hair Loss

Manifestation of hair loss can vary significantly, from gradual thinning on the top of the head to circular or patchy bald spots, or even sudden loosening of hair. It may involve the scalp or the entire body, and the degree of hair loss can range from minor thinning to complete baldness.

Reasons For Hair Loss Treatment

Treatment for hair loss in Singapore is primarily sought to improve appearance and self-esteem. Hair plays a significant role in one’s self-image and confidence, and its loss can have profound psychological impacts, including anxiety and depression.

Hair Loss Treatment

The choice of treatment depends on the underlying diagnosis and/or cause of hair loss. Topical and/or oral medications may be prescribed on a case-by- case basis.

  • Minoxidil: A topical solution or foam that stimulates hair growth, approved for both male and female pattern hair loss. In recent times, off-label use of low dose oral minoxidil has been found to be very effective for treatment of hair loss in adults.
  • Finasteride: An oral medication primarily for male pattern hair loss, inhibiting hormone conversion to prevent hair loss.
  • Corticosteroids: Useful for treating alopecia areata, these can be injected into areas with hair loss or taken orally.
  • Hair Transplant Surgery: A more permanent solution typically for androgenetic alopecia, where hair follicles from thicker areas are relocated to balding area via a surgical procedure.

Billing & Insurance

Private and Corporate Insurance

You can use your Integrated Shield Plans to pay for certain procedures. Speak to us to learn more, and you’ll be surprised at how affordable private healthcare can be. 

Why Choose Us

Modern & Patient-Centred Dermatological Care

We are dedicated to your skin health and well-being. Our results-oriented approach is suitable for a wide range of hair, skin and nail conditions. Consult our MOH-accredited dermatologist for a personalised treatment plan.


Personalised Treatment Plans


Results-Oriented Approach


Focused Aftercare For All


Honest & Ethical Practices

Dr. Lee Hwee Chyen

Medical Director & Consultant Dermatologist

MBBS (S'pore) MRCP (UK) FAMS (Dermatology)

Special Interests In:
  • Paediatric Dermatology
  • Women’s Dermatology
  • Procedural Dermatology & Lasers

Dr. Lee Hwee Chyen is an accredited Adult & Paediatric dermatologist managing a wide range of skin, hair and nail conditions. The clinic provides services for medical, surgical, cosmetic, women’s and paediatric dermatology.

  • MBBS (National University of Singapore, Singapore)
  • MRCP (Royal College of Physicians, United Kingdom)
  • Specialist Accreditation Board, Dermatology (Singapore)
  • FAMS (Academy of Medicine of Singapore, Singapore)
Read More

    Make An Enquiry

    Leave us a message and we will get back to you as soon as possible.

    For Faster Response, Call Us Directly!

    +65‎ 6320‎ 0152

    Epi Dermatology & Laser Specialist Clinic

    Feel free to drop by our our clinic and meet our specialist

    101 Irrawaddy Road #16-09
    Royal Square at Novena, Singapore 329565

    +65‎ 6320 ‎0152

    +65 8701 7662 (WhatsApp Enquiries Only)


    Mon - Fri (09:00am - 05:30pm)
    Sat (09:00am - 1:00pm)
    Sun & Public Holidays (Closed)

    Our Clinic

    SLider Images
    SLider Images
    SLider Images
    SLider Images
    SLider Images
    SLider Images
    SLider Images
    SLider Images
    SLider Images

    Frequently Asked Questions

    Yes, particularly in individuals with a family history of balding. However, sudden or excessive hair loss at any age may indicate an underlying health issue and should be evaluated by a healthcare provider.

    Yes, intense physical or emotional stress can lead to two types of hair loss: telogen effluvium and alopecia areata.

    While no natural remedies can cure hair loss, a balanced diet and proper hair care can promote overall hair health and slow down hair loss in some cases.

    Yes, while both men and women can experience androgenetic alopecia, the pattern of hair loss is usually different. Men often have receding hairlines or bald spots, while women tend to experience overall hair thinning.