Common hair growth issues in ChildrenWhat Is Dry / Sensitive Skin?

  • Hair loss in children: Hair loss or alopecia, can result from various factors, including genetic predisposition, hormonal imbalances, stress, and nutritional deficiencies. Hair loss in children may appear as thinning hair, patchy hair loss, or complete baldness.
  • Tinea capitis: Tinea capitis, also known as ringworm of the scalp, is a fungal infection that affects the hair shafts and scalp. This condition is highly contagious and can spread through direct contact with an infected individual or contaminated objects. Symptoms of tinea capitis include red, scaly patches on the scalp, broken hair shafts, and itching.
  • Trichotillomania: A psychological disorder where a child has an irresistible urge to pull out their hair, leading to noticeable hair loss. This condition can be triggered by stress, anxiety, or other emotional factors.

Common nail deformities in children


Caused by the overgrowth of fungi in the nail bed, it leads to discolouration, thickening, and brittleness of the nail. Onychomycosis can also cause pain and discomfort, especially if left untreated.

Ingrown nails

Occurs when the corner of a nail grows into the surrounding skin, causing inflammation, pain, and possible infection. This deformity typically affects the toenails and can result from improper nail trimming, tight shoes, or trauma to the nail.


A bacterial or fungal infection that occurs around the edges of the nail. This condition can develop from an existing injury or from constant exposure to moisture. Symptoms of paronychia include redness, swelling, and pus-filled blisters around the nail.

Causes of Children's hair & nail growth problems

Children’s nail and hair growth problems can arise from various factors, including:

  • Genetics: Some hair and nail disorders are inherited from parents, such as alopecia areata and brittle nail syndrome.
  • Infections: Bacterial, fungal, and viral infections can cause hair loss and nail deformities in children.
  • Trauma: Physical injuries, such as cuts or burns, can lead to permanent scarring and damage to hair follicles and nail plates.
  • Nutritional deficiencies: A lack of essential nutrients, such as biotin, iron, and zinc, can contribute to hair and nail disorders in children.
  • Environmental factors: Exposure to harsh chemicals, excessive moisture, or extreme temperatures can negatively affect hair and nail growth in children.

Types of paediatric hair & nail Disorders

There are several types of paediatric nail and hair disorders, including:

An autoimmune disorder where the body’s immune system attacks hair follicles, leading to hair loss in small, round patches.

Hair loss caused by constant pulling or tension on the hair, commonly seen in children who wear tight hairstyles.

A group of genetic disorders affecting the development of hair, nails, teeth, and sweat glands.

A rare genetic disorder characterized by abnormalities in the nails, kneecaps, and elbows.

A chronic skin condition that can cause thick, scaly patches on the scalp and nails.

Diagnosing hair & nail disorders in children

Diagnosing hair and nail disorders in children typically begins with a thorough medical history and physical examination. Your child’s doctor may also perform additional tests, such as:

  • Dermoscopy: A non-invasive imaging technique that allows the doctor to examine the hair and nails under magnification.
  • Skin biopsy: A small sample of skin is removed and examined under a microscope to identify any abnormalities.
  • Blood tests: These can help detect underlying medical conditions or nutritional deficiencies that may be contributing to your child’s hair and nail disorders.

Treatment options for children's hair & nail disorders

The treatment for hair and nail disorders paediatric depends on the underlying cause and severity of the condition. Some common treatment options include:

  • Topical medications
  • Oral medications
  • Corticosteroids
  • Behavioural therapy

Prevention and Care

To promote healthy hair and nail growth in children, consider the following tips:

  • Maintain proper hygiene: Regularly washing your child’s hair and nails can help prevent infections and keep them healthy.
  • Adopt a healthy diet: Ensuring your child consumes a balanced diet rich in essential nutrients can promote healthy hair and nail growth.
  • Avoid tight hairstyles: Opt for loose hairstyles that do not place excessive tension on your child’s hair.
  • Trim nails regularly: Keep your child’s nails short and clean to prevent ingrown nails and other deformities.
  • Protect from environmental factors: Limit your child’s exposure to harsh chemicals and extreme temperatures to maintain healthy hair and nails.

Billing & Insurance

Private and Corporate Insurance

You can use your Integrated Shield Plans to pay for certain procedures. Speak to us to learn more, and you’ll be surprised at how affordable private healthcare can be. 

Why Choose Us

Modern & Patient-Centred Dermatological Care

We are dedicated to your skin health and well-being. Our results-oriented approach is suitable for a wide range of hair, skin and nail conditions. Consult our MOH-accredited dermatologist for a personalised treatment plan.


Personalised Treatment Plans


Results-Oriented Approach


Focused Aftercare For All


Honest & Ethical Practices

Dr. Lee Hwee Chyen

Medical Director & Consultant Dermatologist

MBBS (S'pore) MRCP (UK) FAMS (Dermatology)

Special Interests In:
  • Paediatric Dermatology
  • Women’s Dermatology
  • Procedural Dermatology & Lasers

Dr. Lee Hwee Chyen is an accredited Adult & Paediatric dermatologist managing a wide range of skin, hair and nail conditions. The clinic provides services for medical, surgical, cosmetic, women’s and paediatric dermatology.

  • MBBS (National University of Singapore, Singapore)
  • MRCP (Royal College of Physicians, United Kingdom)
  • Specialist Accreditation Board, Dermatology (Singapore)
  • FAMS (Academy of Medicine of Singapore, Singapore)
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    Frequently Asked Questions

    Some of them can be cured and eliminated completely. However, some disorders like alopecia may be more difficult to treat.

    Hair and nail disorders can be categorized into infectious and non-infectious types. Non-infectious disorders are usually caused by genetic factors, underlying health conditions, or environmental influences. Infectious disorders like fungal infections in the nail and the scalp can spread from person to person through direct contact or sharing of personal items such as combs, towels, or shoes.

    For children, it’s advised to consult a specialist before starting OTC treatments. Recommended medications, topical treatments, or lifestyle changes may be advised specifically for your child.