What Are Female Genital Skin Conditions?

Female genital skin conditions are disorders affecting the skin of the female genital area. They’re often caused by infections, irritations, or hormonal imbalances. Women of any age can experience these conditions, but certain factors may increase susceptibility.

Common female genital skin conditions include:

  • Vulvovaginal candidiasis
  • Bacterial vaginosis
  • Contact dermatitis
  • Atopic dermatitis
  • Genital herpes
  • Genital warts

Common Female Genital Skin Conditions

A common fungal infection caused by the overgrowth of Candida yeast, resulting in itching, burning, and a thick, white discharge.

An imbalance of bacteria in the vagina with symptoms such as abnormal discharge, odour, and itching.

A chronic inflammatory skin condition that causes thinning and whitening of the vulvar skin, often accompanied by itching and discomfort.

An inflammatory condition that affects the mucous membranes and skin, causing itching, redness, and the formation of small, shiny bumps.

A skin reaction to irritants or allergens, resulting in redness, itching, and inflammation.

Also known as eczema; a chronic, itchy inflammation of the skin can affect the genital area and cause discomfort and irritation.

A sexually transmitted infection caused by the herpes simplex virus, characterised by painful blisters and sores in the genital region.

A sexually transmitted infection caused by the human papillomavirus (HPV), resulting in small, flesh-coloured growths on or around the genitals.


Symptoms of a genital condition may vary depending on the condition. If you experience any of the following symptoms, consult your doctor for timely diagnosis and treatment:

  • Itching: Persistent or intense itching in the genital area, causing discomfort and irritation.
  • Redness and swelling: Inflammation of the skin and surrounding tissues, often accompanied by warmth and tenderness.
  • Abnormal discharge: Unusual or foul-smelling vaginal discharge, which may be thick, thin, or discoloured.
  • Pain or soreness: Discomfort during urination, intercourse, or daily activities due to skin sensitivity or lesions.
  • Visible changes: Skin abnormalities such as rashes, blisters, sores, or growths on or around the genital area.


To determine the most effective treatment plan for your case, your doctor may use various methods to identify the specific condition, including:

  • Physical Examination: Your specialist will conduct a thorough physical examination of the genital area to assess visible signs and symptoms. They may also check for any swelling, tenderness, or discharge.
  • Lab Testing: In some cases, lab tests such as swab samples or biopsies may be necessary to confirm the diagnosis. These tests can help identify the presence of bacteria, fungi, or viruses causing the skin condition.
  • Imaging Tests: If further investigation is required, imaging techniques like ultrasound or MRI may be used to evaluate deeper structures and rule out underlying issues.

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Treatment Options

Topical medications

Creams, ointments, or gels containing anti-inflammatory, antifungal, or antibacterial agents can reduce symptoms and promote healing.

Oral medications

Oral antibiotics, antifungal, or antiviral medications may be prescribed to treat the underlying cause of the skin condition.

Steroid creams

Topical corticosteroids can help alleviate inflammation, itching, and discomfort associated with certain skin conditions like lichen sclerosus or atopic dermatitis.

Hormonal therapy

Hormone replacement therapy or oral contraceptives may be recommended to regulate imbalanced hormone levels.


Used in cases of genital warts and involves freezing the growths with liquid nitrogen to remove them safely and effectively.

Laser therapy

Uses high-intensity light to destroy abnormal tissue or growths, such as genital warts or persistent lesions from lichen sclerosus.


Stimulates the immune system to fight off infections or abnormal cells, which can help manage genital warts or recurrent herpes outbreaks.

Risk Factors

Certain factors can increase the likelihood of developing female genital skin conditions. Being aware of these risk factors can help with prevention and early detection:

  • Changes in hormone levels during menstruation, pregnancy, or menopause
  • Weakened immune system or conditions or medications that suppress the immune system
  • Over-washing or using harsh, fragranced products
  • Sensitivity to personal care products, fabrics, or contraceptives
  • Exposure to sexually transmitted infections (STIs)
  • Frequent exposure to high levels of stress
  • Personal or family history of skin conditions or autoimmune disorders
  • Prolonged or frequent use of antibiotics, which can disrupt the balance of vaginal flora

Can I Use Medisave For Treating Genital Skin Conditions?

Yes, you can use Medisave for certain procedures. Reach out to us today to learn more about payment options.

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Billing & Insurance

Private and Corporate Insurance

You can use your Integrated Shield Plans to pay for certain procedures. Speak to us to learn more, and you’ll be surprised at how affordable private healthcare can be. 

Why Choose Us

Modern & Patient-Centred Dermatological Care

We are dedicated to your skin health and well-being. Our results-oriented approach is suitable for a wide range of hair, skin and nail conditions. Consult our MOH-accredited dermatologist for a personalised treatment plan.


Personalised Treatment Plans


Results-Oriented Approach


Focused Aftercare For All


Honest & Ethical Practices

Dr. Lee Hwee Chyen

Medical Director & Consultant Dermatologist

MBBS (S'pore) MRCP (UK) FAMS (Dermatology)

Special Interests In:
  • Paediatric Dermatology
  • Women’s Dermatology
  • Procedural Dermatology & Lasers

Dr. Lee Hwee Chyen is an accredited Adult & Paediatric dermatologist managing a wide range of skin, hair and nail conditions. The clinic provides services for medical, surgical, cosmetic, women’s and paediatric dermatology.

  • MBBS (National University of Singapore, Singapore)
  • MRCP (Royal College of Physicians, United Kingdom)
  • Specialist Accreditation Board, Dermatology (Singapore)
  • FAMS (Academy of Medicine of Singapore, Singapore)
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    Frequently Asked Questions

    Common skin diseases around the female genital area include vulvovaginal candidiasis, bacterial vaginosis, lichen sclerosus, lichen planus, contact dermatitis, atopic dermatitis, genital herpes, and genital warts.

    Lichen sclerosus appears as thin, white, wrinkled patches of skin that may be shiny and smooth, often causing itching and discomfort in the affected area.

    Vulvar eczema typically presents as red, inflamed, and itchy skin, with possible scaling, flaking, or even oozing in more severe cases.

    The most common female genital infection is vulvovaginal candidiasis, a yeast infection caused by an overgrowth of Candida fungi.

    Consult a dermatologist for an accurate diagnosis and receive the appropriate treatment, which may include topical or oral medications, lifestyle changes, or other medical interventions.

    The exact cause of lichen sclerosus is unknown, but factors like genetics, hormonal imbalances, and an overactive immune system may contribute to its development.

    A UTI (urinary tract infection) typically affects the urinary system and may not directly cause vaginal itching, but irritation or inflammation related to the UTI can contribute to itching in the genital area.